This paper was issued as a response to the European Commission’s pre-consultation process on indirect land use change (ILUC). The European Commission as required by the RES directive (2009/28) and Fuel Quality directive (2009/30) has to prepare a report reviewing the impacts on GHG emissions of indirect land use change in relation to biofuels and bioliquids and make proposals on how to address this question. Amongst the proposed options, AEBIOM thinks that ILUC should be addressed globally, at country level and for all commodities whatever their end use is – food or non food. Giving penalties to biofuels only will hardly change anything. By addressing ILUC globally, the EU would be tackling the core of the problem. It is a medium/long term policy. Such policy, however, should be addressed by the FAO at world level rather than by the European Union alone.